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2012-10-17 Presidential Elections and The Electoral College.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2244E
Professor
P Ferguson

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Presidential Elections and The Electoral College October 17, 2012 Citation Tracking -SIVmac239 -HIV virus first referred to -Web of Knowledge Social Science database Presidential Election 2012 Electing the President Tuesday, November 6, 2012 -Many elections: -President -US Senate and US House of Representatives -State Offices (Gov, Senate, House, Courts, etc.) -County Offices (Assessor, Attorney, Sheriff, etc.) -Propositions *Sheriff JoeArpio?* -Voting has already started almost everywhere -counting takes a long time The Great Compromise -Compromise related to the President: -Election via the Electoral College -The States run elections for federal offices -Right – that means 50 different sets of rules -ever since 2000 election, you need to have a lawyer present/ready to fight election laws -Gore and Bush200 vote difference in Florida Review: Redistricting Effects -Creates Safe Seats -as many as 400 of 435 -General Election is pre-determined -USAred country by geography -gerrymandering: cracking -kidnapping, packing Primary Math -Assume a general rule: 1/3 Dem + 1/3 Rep +1/3 Ind -Assume that incumbency advantages create ~400 safe seats in the House -Primary > General Election -How many voters are required to win the primary? -Primaries (closed) are limited to registers party members 4% Primary Math – Implications -Elections require between 3.5% and 5% of the voters -The Question is: Who are those voters? -Do they “look like” the rest of Americans? -Effect – “median voter” is skewed to the edges of political spectrum = polarization -the rise of “purity tests” -Domino effect to the Senate? -Primary election effects Who elects the US President? -Electoral College Steps in Presidential Election -Securing convention votes – primaries and caucuses ... Electoral College: History -Framers’ concerns: -Turn to dictator -Perpetual reelection -Relative Power -Too weak = Leg usurp -Too strong = usurp Leg -Who should vote for prez? -Congress, the people? -Electoral College as compromise -Electoral College NOT majority vote -Federal NOT National Election -problems of having Congress to elect US -separation o
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