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2012-11-14 The President in Action.docx

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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 2244E
P Ferguson

The President inAction November 14, 2012 Midterm -4-6 questions, 2 hours -limited or no choice, most likely to have no choice -theory – in class and read = no problems -think like Fergusonwhat did he teach in class? How does he teach in class? -explanation > memorization -take big conceptswhat they are and why they’re important -provide detail = better answers Review: Relative Strength -President holds the most powerful office in the world -e.g. can easily call to bomb -president is one of the weakest chief executives in the world -which view is correct? -system was set up to be slow and inefficient -things take a -since 1964: they tried to reform healthcare -still a problem now Powers of the President -Expressed:Article II, sections 2 and 3 -Ambiguous clauses: duty to “take care that laws be faithfully executed” -delegated powers –congress turns over to executive -checks and balances and separation of power (Congress, legislative, executive, judicial, etc.) Expressed Powers –Areas -powers we see in Article II, section III -Military -commander in chief, declare war -1941 WWII: last war declared -notify congress before engage in conflict -Judicial -appointments and pardons -most well known pardons: Ford pardoned Nixon -Clinton pardoned people who lived overseas and gave money to him -Carter pardoned people who dodged the draft -Diplomatic -president is head of state -makes treaties, recognizes other countries -problem with treaties: Congress has to ratify treaties -have executive agreements -Executive -Executive Orders – management tool -e.g. Nixon created EPA -Occupational and Self...committee??? -Louisiana purchase /Annexation of Texas -Legislative -A2, S3 - Prez recommend measures judged necessary and expedient -Legislative Initiative – -President: State of Union address; President has to go and deliver to Congress a speech about what state of union is (it’s institutionalized now) -one person in cabinet not invited: designated survivor -if something happens to the country’s top leaders (where all of them are at a single location [e.g. State of the Union address], at least one member in cabinet can take over and become acting President) -see the agenda (State of the Union: Jan 29) -George W. Bush post 9/11 -people rally around the President when a crisis happens -U.S. engage in wars, attack = people rally to support President (approval ratings go up) -Bush pushed for Homeland Security Delegated Powers -Congress empowers the executive to act -Vague Congressional mandate = norm -Congress side of the EPAand Homeland Security -environment was too much for Congress to deal with, so they gave Prez power to form agencies -Congress authorizes and delegated the power to Prez: they know they can’t deal with it on a day-to-day basis (too big for Congress to handle) -President can attach on bills of directives of how he thinks the bill should be enforced..? -he can communicate it on media and get public support -President goes on TV and tells the public -e.g. Bush on TV to announce war; saying everything is going to be okay The Power to Persuade -Greatest source of power may lie in politics and public opinion (publics, leaders, supporters) -Prez communicates with other leaders through media -Use popularity to gain congressional support -Bully pulpit -Popularity -Exogenous shocks -shocks outside system -e.g. GWB an 9/11 -Obama and change/hope -power to persuadepowerful The VETO -the mechanics -10 days – sign or veto -Pocket veto – don’t sign – Congress in session? -Override with 2/3 H&S -VETO: President’s biggest power -Prez can issue veto -if he doesn’t sign it, Congress in session = becomes law -Congress not in session = pocket veto -Congress has right to override original veto and bill goes back to Congress; passes with 2/3 majoritygoes to Senate and passes 2/3 and goes back to Prez -Congress can’t override pocket vetos (no one in session) -since 1789, 7% vetos overridden -doesnt happen that often -No line-item veto power – Supremes -President can approve certain parts of the bill -Supreme Court said no line-item veto: that would destroy legislative powers -means executive power taking on legislative powers: violate separation of powers -Power of the threat -just because President will veto the bill, the Congress can go back and work on the bill -tweak it a bit (putting in provisions and removing them) to please Prez and have Prez sign the bill -Forcing a veto -they know Prez will veto the bill, we’ll still putting it to Prez -can use it against the government; it’s on record -used just for political gain -Makes Prez the single most important legislative leader -Bush 43 never vetoed bill in first term -but in second term, he vetoed twice – had something to do with stem cell research (Dems were majority in House and/or Senate) -Obama vetoed twice Obama and the Veto -Correct answer: 2 -if house believes Prez will veto bill and Congress not in session, they have one person from house to stay there so Congress “is in session” -Dec 2009: HR 64: making further continuing appropriations for fiscal year 2010 and for other purposes -death or pocket veto? -Oct 2010 HR 3808: The interstate recognition of notarization act of 2010 -rob
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