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Political Science 2246 E Lecture 1

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Political Science
Political Science 2246E
Carolyn Gibson

9/10/2012 3:08:00 PM Political Science: Public Administration Course Information Instructor : Ross Gibbons Office: Room 4136 SSC Office Hours: Tuesday 2:30-3:30pm Thursday 3:20-4:20 pm Marking Scheme Mid-term test 15% TBA December exam period Dec 8-19 Case Journals 10% (Min 300 Words, Addresses 5 Questions) Tutorial Participation 10% (Each tutorial missed -10%) Active Learning-First Term 5% During Class Critical Thinking Exercise 2.5% Tutorials Sept.17-24 Active Learning-Second Term 5% During Class Essay Prospectus 2.5% Tutorials Nov.19-29 Essay 20% January 28, 2013 (Essay handed in at the beginning of class) 7 DAYS after submitting formal hard copy Final Exam 30% TBA April 14-30, 2013 (25 MC questions + Essay question given in advance) Credits: 9 Case Journals + Essay Lecture 1 – Sept 10 2012  1970 – Attacks on government, its agencies and programs  occurred for a variety of reasons  expansions of trade agreements which effectively reduce the powers of the state (WTO, NAFTA)  lections of neoconservative/neoliberal governments in Britain , the US and Canada and elsewhere  policies and programs of de-regulation, privatization and reduced spending on social programs with greater attention to debt reduction due to high interest payments Business versus Bureaucratic power  Elevation of business as the essential partner of government  The elevation of faith in the “market” to the level of religion and ideology  Critics of “bureaucratic power” o Liberal democratic social welfare threatens our individual freedoms (particularly economic freedoms) o Inefficiency and cost and the pursuit of bureaucratic self- interest  Businesses went from enemy to partner Society of Perfect Liberty  Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations , 1776 o Declaration of independence, American Revolution (all property belonged to the king)  Markets and economic coordination  Invisible hand of self-interest  Concluded his argument for liberalism and free trade  A Society of Perfect Liberty – by noting three roles of “great importance” for the state  “the duty of protecting the society for violence and invasion” Great Public Works  “the duty of protecting, as far as possible, every member of society from the injustice of oppression of every other member of it”  “the duty of erecting and maintain great public works and certain public institutions, which it can never be in the interest of any individual, or group of individuals, to erect and maintain, because the profit would never repay the expense, though it may frequent do much more than repay it to a great society” Authority and Legitimacy  The state, its governments and its public administration apparatuses possess their authority to act (to tax, to legislate, to govern) because we believe their exercise of authority is legitimate.  Legitimacy refers to: the “rightness” of powers exercised in the name of the state or government.
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