Outline Gendered division of labour Part 2
For Social Science 1185 from L. Wiggins
GENDERED DIVISION OF LABOUR – CONTEMPORY
Post War patterns
• Shift in clerical work from male to female workers; continued occupational
segregation based on gender
• Improved work conditions for all workers
• Rise in average age of women workers, more married women and women
with small children
o Rising real wages made waged work attractive
o Increase in education for women & decrease in fulfilment level
found in housework; impact of Women’s Movement, other social
o Necessary to maintain real income of families
• Drop in relative importance of women’s factory work, rise in importance of
• Rise of corporate capitalism & capital-intensive technology
• Higher wages for workers; still have gender wage gap
• Increased unionization
• Women’s double day of waged & unwaged work
2. Factors affecting gendered division of labour
• The structure of capitalism & role of economy
• Reserve labour of women phenomenon
• Structure of the labour market & organization of certain groups of workers into
competitive & service sector OR the monopoly/state sectors
• Relationships between domestic labour & wage labour - women are disadvantaged 2
because of double day tasks so double commitments
• Legislation re workplace, benefits, pensions, etc.
• Lack of availability of daycare & other structural level support for women’s lived
• Ideology about women's place vs. men’s place - a number of influential myths about
gender, family & waged work.
Myth: an unproven collective belief that is accepted uncritically (so isn’t problematized)
and often used to justify a social institution and social organization; mobilizes common
sense ideas that are often part of the dominant ideology; often relies on claims of being
‘natural’ and ‘normal’.
Identify important myths about women and work, both in the family and waged.
Use examples from The life and times of Rosie the Riveter as well as your own
Can you challenge these myths?