2. Introduction to Human Rights.docx

10 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Political Science 3388E
David Hoogenboom

Introduction to Human Rights Lecture 10/09/2013 Trivia: according to business insider what is the most dangerous city in the US? Flint, Mich. What is a cross between a camel and a Ilama called? A Cama What was Frankenstein’s first name in the famous Mary Shellely horror story? Victor What powerful world leader was barred from visiting Disneyland in 1959 for security reasons? Krushashev In what surface is Leonardo da Vinvi’s Mona Lisa painted? Wood- poplar panels _____________________________________________________________ The language of human rights is designed to be spoken of universally. not bound by sex, religion, boarder, ethnicity, race, nationality We have human rights and we can talk about them because we are simply human beings. Why do we have Human Rights? the core of the Universalist Perspective: we have human rights because: WE ARE HUMAN BEINGS basic and powerful As human beings we are considered rights holders, we hold rights while this is an innocent statement, this what we call a “game changer”; this transforms history according to human rights advocates, as recognizing humans as rights holders we are changing the game that is played out in society Universalists argue this will have considerable consequences for people around the world. Whether we like it or not. For much of modern history in order to be considered a right holder you had to be a land hold adult male, however in time, this idea was rejected by those who existed beyond this small group. THIS IS WHERE THE GAME CHANGED Once we introduced human rights, this is what Goodhart calls the revolutionary character of human rights. pg. 3 “the idea of human rights it swept away in one swoop all the grounds through which the subordination of some individuals, groups, or categories of people have been justified”. It eliminated the subordination of particular groups This first attacked monarchies and aristocracies, we needed to expand rights beyond that group women against male dominated societies slaves against land owners colonized by colonizers USED THESE IDEAS TO GET THEIR OWN EMANCIPATION  revolutionary character of HR it limits exclusivity and widens human rights Today Who is still outside the veil of human rights? homosexuals Native Canadians, and aboriginals of other colonies Women in the middleeast it’s a concept that is growing, but it is not universal just yet What is a Right? The definition a human right is a justified claim on someone for something that is owed Other Conceptions of Rights John Locke he suggested that natural rights are properties of individuals, much like a soul a property we have part of the very fabric of our being as people Problems with this conception: for example, if you commit a crime how can you justify the imprisonment of a criminal if they have innate rights to liberty? either imprisonment was unjustified and against human rights or criminals gave up their humanity when they commit a crime. if this is the case their treatment in prison wont be nice Rights as Proscriptions a reason to treat other people with respect, human rights are human constructions that we invented we created human rights as humans in a society a prescription: way of treating Orend: human rights tell us how to treat fellow human beings, they are who or what we are. follows the above definition of HR Human Rights exist in our Language Claiming a Right By giving a reason to be treated in a respectful way, the right holder is asserting that he or she is entitled to be treated this way by other people or by social institutions, thus claiming a right. So in this equation, these other persons or institutions are considered as duty bearers a right holder then needs to show the duty bearer why they are entitled to such treatment thus we come back to the basic idea that rights are reasons: tell them why they are treated in such a way these positions change depending on the situation rights holders can be groups as well as individuals Rights v. Their Objects 1. a right is a claim to something and the object of that right is the thing being claimed 2. so we have property rights in Canada that protect our assets, so we have deed to homes, the house is the object of our right to it 3. so to make a right real, it is not enough to simply write it into law , you need to ensure that the right holder actually possess the object of his/her right claim 4. There is more to the processes than simply declaring “I have a right”, we need something or someone to protect those right
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 3388E

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.