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Forced Migration

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Political Science
Political Science 3388E
James S Quinn

Forced Migration Song: Prayer of the Refugee, Rise Against February 25, 2010 12:31 PM Definitions • Refugee (pg 243) o Any person who, owning to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion is outside the country of their nationality and is unable, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country • Internally Displaced Person (IDP) (pg 240) o Any person in a refugee-like situation who hasn’t left the borders of the country • Economic Migrant (pg 247) o A person who leaves his home country because of economic factors • All of the above have different rights • UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) o Established in 1950 • Migration of people out of the Nazi regime, away from the Korean war, etc o Statute • Ensure access to protection • Ensure solution  To the problems that had caused the migrants to cross the borders and become refugees o Refugee Convention (1951) • To grant rights to people who do not have a state to be responsible to their welfare  Right of access to national courts  Right to employment and education  ECOSOC rights  Right of Non-refoulement (most important) • The right not to be retuned to a country where they may face persecution • BUT no agreement on right of asylum • Why Flee? ο Caused by deep ethnic division and economic underdevelopment • Environmental disaster • Conflict • Ethnic Cleansing • Poverty • War • Persecution • Weak institutions • Socio-economic inequality • Reception ο Asylum seekers are routinely detained, maltreated, abused, and denied claims • Sometimes are returned to their home country ο No legal protection from their home country ο
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