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Political Science
Political Science 3388E
James S Quinn

Genocide Prof. Romain Murenzi "Rebuilding Rwanda" April 5 5-6 Conron Hall (UC 224) 1 Bonus Mark March 11, 2010 12:34 PM • Definition o A made up word • Genos (group) + Cide (killing) = The destruction/Killing of a human race o A mass killing carried out by one group towards another o Not the immediate destruction but the sustained, systematic, and purposeful action o Raphael Lemkin (1900-1959) • Interest started with the killing of the Armenians by the Ottoman Empire (WW1 and immediately after)  Did not get much support  Europe still crippled by WW1 • No word for genocide as yet  Called them "acts of barbarism" • 1944  Invents the word genocide to help people understand • A coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of the essential foundations of the life of a national group, with the aim of annihilating the group completely • Coordinated • Has to be well-thought out • Sometimes even institutionalized • Destruction • Of the life of the group • Weakening and disintegrating any institution (cultural/political) that will represent the group • Annihilation • Removing any and all existence of this group • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide o First used to convict Nazi officials at Nuremburg • But, not used in the judgment  Not good enough • Lemkin saw it as a legal and a human problem • Goes to the UN • 1946 • Genocide becomes a crime under international law • Draft the Convention • 1948 • Finished and ready to sign • Ethiopia first to sign •
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