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Lecture 4

Readings Week 4: Online

6 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 3388E
Professor
Jennifer Mustapha

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Readings Week OnlineMingstKarns HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF THE UN y Group were limited to the ad hoc arrangements that locked performance institutionalized relationshipsy Grotian tradition elucidated a number of fundamental principles that serve as the foundation of for only modern international law but also for international organization y All international relations were subject to the rule of law a law of nations and the law of natureethical basis for the former y Rejected that war is the supreme right of states and the hallmark of their sovereignty y Emeric Cruce posed a universal organization groups of ambassadors would hear disputes complaints and the majority would decide how to approach the problem enforcement would occur through mutual military sanctions y Westphalia tradition emphasis on sovereignty TH19 ENTURY CONTEMPORARY IGOS y Inis Claude described how 3 major strands of thinking and practise emergedy First recognition of the ability of multilateral diplomacy y Concert of Europe system of leaders of the major European powers came together in a multilateral meetings to settle problems and coordinate actions y Claude summarizes the concert system was the manifestation of a rudimentary but growing sense of interdependence and community of interest among the states of Europe y Second involved the formation of public international unions established to deal with the problems stemming from the expanding commerce y Functionalism the theory that IGOs can help states deal with practical problems in their international relations y Public international unions pawned several procedural innovations creation of international secretariats permanent bureaucrats y Practise of involving specialists from outside ministries of foreign affairs in their work y Multilateral diplomacy was no longer the exclusive domain of traditional diplomatsy Third strand revolved around the Hague systemconsider techniques to prevent war and the conditions under which arbitration negotiation and legal recourse would be appropriatey The Hague conferences also produced several major procedural innovations y First time that participants included both small and nonEuropean states y Establishing the principle of universality and bolstering legal equality
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