Case STudy of Genocide

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Political Science
Political Science 4426F/G
James S Quinn

Topic 1: Case Study of a Genocide This topic asks you to focus on a specific case of genocide. Working from a particular definition of genocide, you task is to select a particular genocide/genocidal massacre/ genocidal act/ ethnic cleansing and to provide an examination of that case. The paper, however, must not be purely descriptive. Your analysis should include a brief history of the development of the situation which led to the acts of genocide, along with attempting to define the type of genocide which took place, based upon the definitions and reasoning provided in the course readings and elsewhere, and a look at the socio- cultural and other factors which were present. Definition of Genocide Article 2 of the UN Genocide Convention Article 1: The contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law, which they undertake to prevent and to punish Article 2: In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: (a)Killing members of the group; (b)Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (c)Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d)Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; (e)Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group Alternative Definitions of Genocide Lempkin’s Eight Conditions of Genocide Political, Physical, Biological, Economic, Cultural, Religious, Moral, Social Notes from Genocide in Iraq: The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds- Middle East Watch: A division of Human Rights Watch • Anfal- “The Spoils”- is the name of the eighth sura of the Koran and is also the name of a series of military actions against the rd Kurdish populathon which lasted from February 23 until September 6 , 1988 • Culmanation of a long standing conflict between Kurdish insurgencies in the north and the Iraqi government. • Ali Hassan al-Majid (Chemical Ali), was granted unequivocal powers in the north. • “The integrated resources of the entire military, security and civilian apparatus of the Iraqi state were deployed, in al-Majid’s words, “to solve the Kurdis problem and slaughter the saboteurs.” – pg 4 • Characteristics of the slaughter listed on pg 4 • Holocaust scholar Raul Hillberg identifies an inherent pattern in all genocides. DefinitionConcentration (or seizure) Annihilation. o No group can be killed without a concentration or seizure of the victims and no victims can be seg
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