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Chapter 3 Notes This is for Psych 2060, taken online, for the Muchinsky 9th Ed. textbook. These are very detailed and easy to understand notes on Chapter 3 that I made myself. Headings and bullets make it easy to read, and I assure you there is enough

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2060
Professor
Hayden Woodley
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 3Criteria Standards for Decision Makingcriteria standards used to help make evaluative judgmentsthere are disagreements about what criteria to use and varying operational definitions associated with each criteriondecisions are made based on criteriaConceptual vs Actual Criteriaconceptual criterion the theoretical standard that researchers seek to understandocannot be measuredoeg a successful college student experiences intellectual growth emotional growth and is a good citizenactual criterion the operational or actual standard that researchers measure or assessoare measures of the conceptual criteriaoeg intellectual growth can be measured by GPA emotional growth can be measured by a student advisers opinion of the students maturation and citizenship can be measured by the number of volunteer organizations a student is part ofwant to obtain a reasonable estimate of the conceptual criterion by selecting one or more actual criteria we think are appropriateCriterion Deficiency Relevance and Contaminationcriterion deficiency the part of the conceptual criterion that is not measured by the actual criterionoeg students begin a class with differing level of knowledge of the subject therefore someone with more prior knowledge will get a higher GPA but that does not mean they experienced more intellectual growth than another studentcriterion relevance the degree of overlap or similarity between the conceptual criterion and the actual criterioncriterion contamination the part of the actual criterion that is unrelated to the conceptual criterionobias is the extent to which actual criteria systematically or consistently measure something other than the conceptual criteriaoerror is the extent to which the actual criteria is not related to anything at allohard to anticipate contaminating factorsoeg students in easier majors will have higher GPAs but that does not mean they have experienced more intellectual growth this is bias because it affects the actual criterion but not the conceptual criterion
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