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Chapter 6 Notes This is for Psych 2060, taken online, for the Muchinsky 9th Ed. textbook. These are very detailed and easy to understand notes on Chapter 6 that I made myself. Headings and bullets make it easy to read, and I assure you there is enough

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Psychology 2060
Hayden Woodley

Chapter 6Organizational Learningjobs are continuously changing weakening the meaning of a jobthere is now greater relative importance placed on skill enhancementorganizations and their employees must continuously learn new skills to adapt to a rapidly changing business worldtraining the process through which the knowledge and skills of employees are enhancedin 2002 60 billion was spent on training and development activities in US firms with 100 employeesnew position of Chief Learning Officer same level of importance as CFO or COO50 of an employees knowledge and skills become outdated every 3060 months compared with 1215 years in the 1970sLearning and Task Performancelearning the process by which change in knowledge or skills is acquired through education or experienceskill acquisition is segmented into 3 phasesdeclarative knowledge a body of knowledge about facts and thingsoinvolves memorizing and reasoning processes that allow an individual to attain a basic understanding of the taskomust devote nearly all attention to understanding and performing the taskoperforming the task is slow and prone to errorknowledge compilation the body of knowledge acquired as a result of learningointegrate sequences of cognitive and motor processes required to perform the taskovarious methods of simplifying or streamlining the task are tried and evaluatedoperformance is faster and more accurateoprocedures are moved from shortterm to longterm memoryprocedural knowledge a body of knowledge about how to use information to address issues and solve problemsoindividual has automatized the skillocan perform task with efficiency and little attention and minimal impairmentthree major classes of abilities are important for performance in the phases of skill acquisitionogmost important in declarative knowledge phaseas attentional demands decrease importance of g is lessenedoperceptual speed abilitiesimportant for when individual moves from declarative to procedural stagecritical for processing information faster and more efficientlyopsychomotor abilityperformance in final stage of skill acquisition is limited by thisdetermines final level of task performance in procedural knowledge phaseeg coordinationlearning to perform tasks depends on a complex set of factors that affect gains in performance as well as duration of performancethree characteristics of people who are regarded as experts on a topic versus novicesoproceduralization and automaticity a set of condition rules eg if proceduralizationcondition A exists then action B is neededautomaticity a state of rapid performance that requires little cognitive effortexperts know things as well as when that knowledge is applicableexperts are better at relating information in causeandeffect sequencesomental models the way in which knowledge is organizedexperts mental models are qualitatively better because they contain more diagnostic cues for detecting meaningful patterns in learningexperts have more complex knowledge structures resulting in faster solution timesometacognition an individuals knowledge of and control over his cognitionsexperts have a greater understanding of the demands of a task and their own capabilitiestraitlike vs statelike individual differenceotraitlike stable overtime not specific to a certain task or situation eg cognitive ability personalityostatelike task specific
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