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psych 2060 chapter 10 .doc

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Psychology 2060
Hayden Woodley

Psychology 2060 Chapter 10LeadershipWhat is LeadershipBarling Christie and Hoption 2010Leadership is sometimes used to refer to the emergence of leadersLeadership is sometimes used to refer to the relative effectiveness of leadershipWhy LeadershipMost people believe leadership is related to other outcomes we are interested inBelieve that effective leadership can enhance group processes or job performance and organizational productivity and profitabilityProblem with studying leadership effectivenessJudge whether its effective based on the success of the organization that the leader leadsOften fail to recognize that success of organizations is due to a multitude of factorsCharisma The ability to influence others simply by strength of character typically refers to being popular and influential and is often thought of as a personality traitRomance of Leadership Tendency to attribute organizational success to leadershipShould be cautious about attributing too much of organizational success to leadership Lots of data linking organizational leadership to a wide range of attitudinal behavioral and performance outcomesLeadership in organizations has been associated with increased trust in the leader satisfaction with the leader commitment to the organization turnover intent and a wide range of other attitudinal variablesOCBs are more likely when the formal supervisor is also a good leaderLeadership is also associated with motivationKelloway and barling 2010Concluded In short virtually every outcome variable in the field of occupational health psychology is empirically related to organizational leadershipExamples of outcomes include psychological and physical in addition to outcomes related to occupational health and safety and health related behaviors such as alcohol useBrief History of Leadership TheoriesGreat Man TheoriesEarliest approach to understanding leadership by studying the lives and careers of great menTheory suggested leaders are born not madeTrait TheoriesTrait theories Leadership theories that focused on the identification of enduring characteristics of leaders traits that predicted effectiveness in a leadership roleDominated leadership research in the mid 20th centuryThere is empirical support for this approachex leadership is both positively associated with both height and intelligence
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