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Lecture 1

Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Lobotomy, Radical Behaviorism, Cultural Psychology

Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog

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LECTURE 1: September 10 2015
The brain: human behavior comes from the brain; too much dopamine is associated with schizophrenia
The mind: how people think and perceive things
Learning: the environment in which we live will surely effect us; eg. Tv violence there are ample
shootings and killings (both from the protagonist and antagonist) but the pain and suffering is not shown
and about 50% of killers do not suffer or face the consequences
Clinical Issues: “Psychosurgery” – brain surgery in the absence of obvious organic damage
Moniz (1935): radical prefrontal lobotomy has ‘calming’ effect on violent emotional behavior in
chimps and he supervises about 100 prefrontal lobotomies and over the next 20 years, 40000 in
US alone; it’s a simple procedure “Ice-Pack” performed on outpatient basis
Prefrontal lobes: “control” emotion; therefore separate from the rest of the brain; patients
become more docile, apathetic, severe blunting of emotion, intellectual problems and can be
A combination of all four of these topics explain the concepts behind human existence
Study Tips:
1. Chill and don’t stress out
2. Ask for help
3. There is a lot of biology in psychology
4. Don’t be intimidated by class size
5. Take student development center workshops
6. Read text and make notes before class
7. Don’t miss class
8. Use the CONNECT site
9. Keep up with the readings
Dr. Mike Atkinson Room 6316, SSC
661-2111, ext. 84644
LECTURE 2: September 15 2015
What are the different approaches to psychology?
What do psychologists do?
Who were the pioneers of psychology?
“Long past, but short history” E.G. Boring
Explanations of behavior:
- These three can also interact and effect each other
1. Cultural and Environmental factors (value system)
Some societies are more violent than others some are rewarded for aggression while others are
Weather and environment also effect it a lot; the hotter it is, the more aggressive the person
2. Individual and psychological factors (learning, cognitive processes)
Not interested in how the brain is working, but rather in the individual and what they have
experienced during their lifetime
Eg. What causes aggression? There was violence in the home
3. Biological factors (neural, hormonal mechanisms)
Observing how the brain works, chemicals in body etc
find more resources at
find more resources at
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