Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Criterion Validity, Wechsler Intelligence Scale For Children, Standard Deviation

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Intelligence
January 15, 2013
Next Time: More Intelligence
Scan: p. 360 - 380
Agenda:
Problem Solving
Psychometric Approach
Bias
Question:
How do we solve problems?
What is intelligence?
How do you measure intelligence?
One sentence can only have one surface structure, but there can be more than one deep structures
Organization of Thought
Hierarchial Structure
Goal-Directed
Schema-Driven
Heuristics
Kahneman and Tversky
o Representativeness
o Insensitivity to sample size
o Availability
o Concrete information
o Framing effects
E.g.
o Going to the theatre
Group one, lost a ticket, and must buy another one, but group two lost the
ticket value before in the day. We find that group 2 people will more likely to
buy the ticket, even though they lost the same amount of money.
It’s how we frame the question to solve problems. Different frame can get
different answers
Monk problem:
Graph him going up and graph him going down, when the two lines intersect is when he was at,
same time when he was going up and down that he had passed
Lily problem: there’s 1 lily in the pound, on day 60 how many days does it take for the pound to be half
covered
59 days. You need to solve it backwards
Book worm problem:
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Document Summary

One sentence can only have one surface structure, but there can be more than one deep structures. Insensitivity to sample size: representativeness, availability, concrete information, framing effects. Group one, lost a ticket, and must buy another one, but group two lost the ticket value before in the day. We find that group 2 people will more likely to buy the ticket, even though they lost the same amount of money. It"s how we frame the question to solve problems. Graph him going up and graph him going down, when the two lines intersect is when he was at, same time when he was going up and down that he had passed. Lily problem: there"s 1 lily in the pound, on day 60 how many days does it take for the pound to be half covered. Correct solutions to insight problems involve: selective encoding, selective combination, selective comparison.

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