Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Anna Freud, Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson
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February 12, 2013
Next Time: Attraction
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o Freud’s Model
o Erickson’s Approach
o What are the results of Attachment?
o What did Freud have to say about adult development?
o Does anything happen after 18?
o The roots of social development
o Special bond forms between infant and primary caregiver
o But what accounts for the development of attachment?
o Cupboard Theory: Freud
Attachment to mom is side – effect of her ability to provide basic satisfaction…
o Importance of contact comfort
Suggests that touch is very important for proper development
o Kids like stuffed toys
o Run to mom when frightened
o Premature infants discharged sooner (Field, 1986)
o Note: Bowlby
Built – in attachment seeking mechanism
Fear of the unknown
o Free-floating anxiety
15months after birth
How to assess attachment?
o See what happens when mom leaves
o Ainworth’s Strange Situation
Children about 1 yr. old
Child explores new room with mom present
Stranger enters and talks to mom
Mom leaves room… stranger stays
Mom returns… stranger leaves
Agenda: attachment, freud"s model, erickson"s approach. Attachment: the roots of social development, special bond forms between infant and primary caregiver, but what accounts for the development of attachment, cupboard theory: freud. Attachment to mom is side effect of her ability to provide basic satisfaction food. Suggests that touch is very important for proper development: kids like stuffed toys, run to mom when frightened, premature infants discharged sooner (field, 1986, note: bowlby. Fear of the unknown: free-floating anxiety. How to assess attachment: see what happens when mom leaves. Child explores new room with mom present. Anxious-resistant: don"t explore, panicky when mom leaves, ambivalent at return. Anxious-avoidance: distant, aloof when mom present, no distress. Securely attached at 15 months judged outgoing, popular, adjusted at 3. 5 years old. Adult relationships: feeney and noller (1990) Avoidant subjects report never having been in love. Secure subjects report enduring relationships: butzer and campbell (2008) Quality of sexual relationships and attachment style measures.