Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Object Permanence, Egocentrism, Jean Piaget

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
Western University
Psychology 1000
Cognitive Development
February 5, 2013
Next Time: Social Development
Scan: page 459 - 466
o Piaget’s Theory
o Stages of Development
o Support
o How do young children think?
o How do these cognitive processes change over time?
o Does everyone support Piaget?
Newborns can discriminate different odour
What influences Development
o Nature vs. Nurture
o Stage vs. Continuous
o Normative vs. Individual
o Cross-sectional vs. Longitudinal
Jean Piaget and Cognitive Development
o 1. Sensory Motor intelligence (0 2 years)
o 2. Preoperational (2 7 years)
o 3. Period of Concrete Operations (7 11 years)
o 4. Period of Formal Operations (11 years +)
Sensory Motor Stage
o Nothing exists apart from child’s own perceptions and motor reactions
o No self-concept
o Look at organization of sensory and motor reactions
(Piaget -> Schema)
At birth… variety of reflexes
o At first, schemas operate in isolation
o Coordination of activities not present until 5 months (both hands… 7 months)
o Pseudoimitation present
Child can imitate, but only if actions just produced, cannot code in, cannot
perform after time has elapsed
o Importance of sensory (visual) feedback e.g. stick out tongue, babies will not do it
because they can only see it other people, but he don’t know that if he can do it
o Rough acquisition by 11 12 months
18 24 months
o Efficient imitation
o Representational thought
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Document Summary

Agenda: piaget"s theory, stages of development, support. What influences development: nature vs. nurture, stage vs. Sensory motor intelligence (0 2 years: 2. Period of concrete operations (7 11 years: 4. Sensory motor stage: nothing exists apart from child"s own perceptions and motor reactions, no self-concept, look at organization of sensory and motor reactions (piaget -> schema) At birth variety of reflexes: at first, schemas operate in isolation, coordination of activities not present until 5 months (both hands 7 months, pseudoimitation present. Child can imitate, but only if actions just produced, cannot code in, cannot perform after time has elapsed. 18 24 months: efficient imitation, representational thought. Represented by some symbol: object permanence. Someone who doesn"t show object permanence is stuck on the sensory-motor stage. Someone who does, moved beyond sensory-motor stage. Preoperational stage: conceptual system of higher order schemas, rules not fully acquired until age 7.

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