Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Drive Theory, Critical Phenomena, Fundamental Attribution Error
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Next time: Review
Read: Chapter 9 – 13
o Reducing Obedience
o Social Facilitation
o Group Decision Making
o How does the individual influence the group?
o How does the group influence the individual?
o Do groups make “better” decisions than individuals?
You observe Kris punch Laura in the nose and immediately you explain this as due to Kris having
a very aggressive personality. You have just committed the
o Fundamental attribution error
Must know it. critical phenomenon
Factors influencing Obedience
“low” status setting -> 50% complete
Proximity of learner
See and hear
Touch -> 30% complete
Everyone in the world does it
o Lab only?
Hofling et. al. (1966)
o People complied when a doctor called a nurse to let them
change the drug for a patient
o Personal Responsibility
Obedience drops dramatically
The person is responsible for the other person
o Disobedient models
2 confederates refuse
Agenda: reducing obedience, social facilitation, group decision making. You observe kris punch laura in the nose and immediately you explain this as due to kris having a very aggressive personality. You have just committed the: fundamental attribution error. Low status setting -> 50% complete: proximity. Hofling et. al. (1966: people complied when a doctor called a nurse to let them change the drug for a patient. The person is responsible for the other person: disobedient models. Groups: perceive to be in a group. What is a group: 2 or more people. Every day groups are 2 or 3 people. Relatively small in numbers: must have: The individual in the group: group effects on individual, social facilitation. If people do it with another person, then they do it faster. Mere presence of others facilitates performance: their presence is enough, work faster, work better. Going to be correct when performance of well- learned response or simple task.