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Lecture 10

Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Midlife Crisis, Moral Realism, Cognitive Development


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Lecture
10

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Lecture 35 Feb 9
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Social Development
Moral Reasoning (Piaget)
What would the 6 y/o say?
Would a 12 y/o respond differently
Older children are likely to take into account multiple perspective
Progress from moral realism autonomous Morality
Moral realism (or moral objectivism)
Rules
Egocentric (cant think beyond self)
Realistic thinking
Equality-based (think everything should be the same)
o Why young children think it’s unfair that the older sibling gets a more expensive
toy, that amount of money makes a difference even though they got a toy
Parents have a god-like ability (to children) to set down the rules
Autonomous Morality
There are multiple perspectives, morality isn’t absolute or black and white
Intent (what did they intend to do)
Ability to emphasize
Indebtedness and guilt
Equity based
Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development
Cognitive development is the basis for moral development
He’s interested in how people reason through moral dilemmas tell you about their
understanding
Levels of Moral Reasoning
*each level takes on two stages
Preconventional: focus on consequences
o Stage 1: Obedience and punishment orientation
Preconventional level
Focus is on direct consequences
How children think of parent’s rules and punishments
Morality=what im punished for
o Stage 2: Self-interested stages Exchanges
Preconventional level
Different people have different self-interests, which sometimes
conflict
o Some degree of compromise
Conventional: rules and morals
o Stage 3: interpersonal Acord and conformity
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