Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Fixed Action Pattern, Clark L. Hull, Abraham Maslow

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PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
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PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
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The process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met. Instinct (fixed action pattern) an inherited predisposition to behave in a specific and predictable way when exposed to a particular stimulus. Theories faded due to circular reasoning (people are greedy. Modern evolutionary psychologists propose that many motives have evolutionary underpinnings. Homeostasis a state of internal physiological equilibrium that the body strives to maintain. Requires a sensory mechanism for detecting changes in internal environment, a response system that can restore equilibrium, and a control centre that receives information from sensors. Drive theory physiological disruptions to homeostasis produce drives, states of internal tension that motivate an organism to behave in ways that reduce this tension. Clark hull proposes that reducing drives is the ultimate goal of motivated behaviour. Flaws in theory found in certain behaviours, such as when people skip meals to diet (increases rather than decreases state of arousal)

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