Psych 1000 Lecture Notes

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16 Nov 2011
Department
Professor
Psych 1000 Sept 14, 2010
Read chapter 1 (pg. 2-18)
Psychology
The brain
The mind
Learning
Clinical issues
Psychosurgery
Brain surgery in the absence of obvious organic damage
Moniz (1935)
Radical Prefrontal Lobotomy has “calming” effect on violet
emotional behaviour in chimps
He supervised 100 Prefrontal Lobotomies
Over next 20 years, 40 000 in US alone were performed
Simple “ice-pick” procedure performed
Prefrontal lobes “control” emotion and therefore separate
from the rest of the brain
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Patients because docile, apathetic, and experiences severe
blunting of emotion, intellectual problems, and was
sometimes terminal
What is Psychology? (finish Chapter 1)
What is psychology
Explanations of Behaviour
Schools of Psychology
Pioneers
Explanations of Behaviour (example uses aggression)
All of these levels can influence the others. They are related and are
not mutually exclusive. No one level is better than the other or CORRECT,
they all simply explain a phenomenon in a different way.
Cultural Factors
Societal norms, external, value systems
HOW CULTURE LOOKS AT AND REACTS TO A SPECIFIC BEHAVIOUR
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Individual Factors
Learning, cognitive processes
Ex. Previous violence in home causes high risk for violence
(someone maybe learn to be violent in this way)
Biological Factors
Neural, hormonal
Brain structures, neurotransmitters, tumors
PSYCHOLOGY
The scientific study of behaviour and the factors that influence it
(pg 4)
Schools of Psychology
Functionalism
Focus on function or significance of behaviour
How does a behaviour (or mental process) help us to adapt
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