Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Schadenfreude, Amygdule, Panic Disorder

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Emotion – Week 16
Concept of Emotion
Feeling, also referred to as aect
- Emotion:
to as “aect”, Relatively brief episode of synchronized
by all or most organismic subsystems (physiology, experience and
behaviour) to the evaluation of
an external or internal event
as being of
major signi!cance
(e.g., anger, sadness, joy, fear, shame, pride, elation, desperation)
- Mood: aect state, most pronounced as change in subjective feeling of low
intensity but relatively long duration, often
without apparent cause
(e.g., cheerful, gloomy, irritable, listless, depressed, buoyant)
- Other: powerful feeling that are commonly with us (tranquility, comfort)
vs. sensations
Evaluation of an event’s signi#cance
Organismic Subsystems
-Experimental: its Conscious
-Behavioural / Expressive
Motivators : emotions channels us toward speci!c things
Discrete Emotions
Discrete emotions theory
-evolutionary theory, developed over the course of evolution
-The theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emotions that
are rooted in our biology
Primary Emotions
-Happiness, disgust, fear, sadness, surprise, anger and contempt
-Pride” may also be a primary emotion
-Secondary emotions: blends of primary emotions Ex Frustration includes
anger and sadness. schadenfreude – the mockery of a high level(politician)
person that !guratively falls
-Emotions as automatic
-Distinct motor programs,
unlearned. We have
experienced relatively few
situations in our past that
demand a response.
Emotions are helping us deal
with life/death situations
Example of Fear
-Response to threat
-Speci!c physiology and set of
-Individual and social function
Human Element
-Emotional experience
-Why do we have these interesting types of experiences?
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Role of Thought Theory
Several conceptualizations of emotion focus on the role of cognition in
emotion. These suggest that what we feel depends on our conscious
understanding of and judgments about events we are observing.
James- Lange Account (1920’s) Initial Theory
-Emotion comes from reading of feedback from the body. This therory at
best is incomplete, as conscious eort it required.
-Stimulus, perception, physiology/ behaviour/ expression, reading of
what it feels like
“I see myself running from the bear, and feel my heart beating, skin
sweating, lungs heaving, eyes wide ... this experience I know to be fear.
Hohmann (1966) supported JL Account
-used spinal injured patients as his subjects, and accounted for where
their injury was located on their spin. If the spinal injury was up high
they wouldn’t experience the sensory neurons connected to their brain
therefore he hypothesized that they couldn’t experience fear. A spinal
injury that was lower, should still experience fear and similar emotion
because they had access to the physiological experiences that were
necessary. However, it was thought that the participants new what the
study was about therefore they didn’t really prove anything.
-Patients with
pure autonomic failure
(PAF): sensory pathway that go
from their heart and lungs to their brain have deaerated, they can’t
feel their heart beating however this hasn’t eected their emotion
Canon-Bard account (1920s)
Theory: proposing that an emotion-provoking event leads simultaneously to
an emotion and to bodily reactions, which implies you just have to see the
event to feel emotions that !t the situation
-Stimulus, perception, physiology and conscious experience are
-"I see the bear and am afraid."Is this a discrete emotion theory?
Response to James-Lange
-There are far fewer distinct physiological states than there are
emotions, there are 7 basic emotions.
-We tend to be insensitive to changes in our internal physiology** true
to most people
-Physiology changes slowly but emotions are felt instantly **
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