Psychology 1000 Lecture 9: Chapter Nine Notes
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Thursday, January 7, 2016
Chapter 9 Lecture Notes
Most common, universal feature of human society.
Pervades every facet of our lives, public and private.
Every culture, no matter how isolated or primitive has language.
Every person, except under extreme deprivation/accidents, develops skills in use of
A shared symbolic system for communication:
-Letters, written and spoken symbols that stand for the referent of the world
-Shared by all speakers of a language culture.
-System enables communication.
Words and rules
Words of language comprise the mental lexicon
Grammar: Rules that dictate the legal combination of the units of language
1. Symbolic : sounds, signs, gestures. Allows for forming and transferring mental
2. Structure: Rule-governed structures, symbols combined to create meaningful units.
3. Generativity: Symbols can be combined to generate an inﬁnite number of
messages that can have novel meaning.
Displacement: Past,future, imaginary events, objects can be symbolically represented
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