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Lecture 7

Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Edward C. Tolman, Cognitive Map, Cerebellum


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Lynda Hutchinson
Lecture
7

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 11 pages of the document.
Chapter 7: Learning and Adaptation:
The Role of Experience (p. 252)
-
-Learning
o !
Adapting to the Environment
-"#!!
How Do We Learn? The Search for Mechanism
-$
-$%&'
o()*+
o"!,,-!
o).%'
o/
o012
-0%0'
o3!adapve signicance4+!

oFixed acon paern:%,,'
56%7'
12
o*.
0,, 0%89:;'<6
%'
Crossroads of Learning: Biology, Cognition, and Culture
-0
-=
o>!!
0,,4%?'@4%'
- 
o0
oA%'!
-A!!!!
B!
o*#
o*
o*C
-0
-5#
Habituation
-Habituaon .!
o !!!%,,'
o!!
oD!%!'

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"%'
!!%,,'
,E;;
-

-
 
!
-"
- 
Classical Conditioning: Associating One Stimulus with Another
-Classical condioning:E
-$!!46
-A
Pavlov’s Pioneering Research
-%8FGH=/'4!,*I!!,
-5=,
-=66
-$!!@
!
o,4!%'
Basic Principles
Acquisition
-/!
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o0,,
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-KL%M5/'.+
o0,,!+
-".
o0,,>!
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-KL%5/'.
o0,,
-5 M5 5/
-5 !M5 
oA!%,,'#%#'
- C!5 #M5 
o3
C!#45 %'6M5 %!'N
34O!
5 EP!M5
&5 !M5
o %M5 M5 '
o$%5 OM5 '.

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Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery
-05/4!5 M5 5/.exncon
-05 M5 .
-!!5 M5 
!5 M5 %'
-!5/!spontaneous recovery .!5/O

o5/!M5
o-
Generalization and Discrimination
-5  %.5/',4smulus generalizaon45 5/
-!
o,,!!-!
-%'7
-discriminaon.5/%,,'%'
Higher-Order Conditioning
-higher-order condioning:5 O5
ohigher-5 5/
o,,
Applications of Classical Conditioning
Acquiring and Overcoming Fear
-3!!#
-Q*//%89EH'88&
o*!!
o/#!.
- !
oJ
o$!!

-Exposure therapy<!%5 'M5 
-#!
o 7<!#
o3<
Conditioned Attraction and Aversion
-5!-%,,!'5
-3-aversion therapy.-%'
M5
o0,,@
o
-5-BC!!
B,,
-&!B5 %5 RM5 '
oD!9B
-*4%!-'
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