Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 49: Psychoanalysis, Cognitive Therapy

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April 5th, 2016
Psychology 1000
Next Time: Final Exam
Read: Chapters 14-17
Exam: Tuesday April 19th, 2016, 9am – 12pm
Thursday 10am review session
Talk Therapy:
Cognitive therapy
Does Psychology Work?
Group Therapy
Questions to answer today:
What is Cognitive therapy?
Does therapy really work?
How can I improve my life?
Recall: Hitting the crux of a problem the stage of resistance
Cognitive Therapy:
Ellis and Beck: thought patterns that one has are the cause of the problems
Concerned with pattern of thoughts
Here are now rather than the past: what you are CURRENTLY thinking about
Very directive: cognitive-behavioral
oChange behaviours and change thoughts to cure
Ellis and Rational-Emotive Therapy:
Abnormal behaviour result from fault and irrational thinking
oCannot do much because you are thinking irrationally
Replace irrational thoughts with rational thoughts and behavioral problems will disappear
Irrational thoughts:
oPeople make unrealistic demands on themselves and others
oE.g. It is necessary for an adult to be loved and approved by almost everyone for
virtually everything
oE.g. Talking self out of something or talking self into something that isn’t true
A fear evoking thought is regarded as form of behaviors, the response of saying the
illogical sentence to oneself
Note: a close affinity with behavioral therapy
The task is to help patient see the irrationality in his/her belief system
Continue asking questions to get at belief
oAlso: sing songs to realize what your inner thoughts are and that they are
irrational
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