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Lecture

Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Ethology, Behaviorism


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike

Page:
of 2
Brenna Llewellyn
25700534
September 11 2012
Read for September 13: Finish Chapter One Next Time: History & Methods
NOTE: fb group: the official psych 1000
Questions answered in this lecture:
What are the different approaches to psychology?
What do psychologists do?
Psychology: The scientific study of behaviour and the mind (pg.4)
Explanations of Behaviour
Biological Factors
- ex. Neural, hormonal
- ex. Look for irregularities in brain wiring
Individual & Psychological Factors
- ex. Learning, cognitive processes
- ex. Person grew up in a violent home, is now a violent person
Cultural & Environmental Factors
- ex. Value systems, certain cultures
- ex. The hotter the environment the more aggression
Schools of Psychology
Functionalism: Focus on the function or significance of behaviour
- How does a behaviour or mental process help us to adapt
- Primarily biological (Darwinian focus ie. Genes)
- Modern examples: Psychobiology Neuroscience, Ethology
Psychodynamic: Focus on the unconscious experience, the “mind”
- Look for past unresolved conflict
- Importance of personality
- Modern examples: Brief Psychodynamic Therapy, Unconscious
Processing
Behaviourism: Focus on behaviour, forget the “mind”
- Discuss how behaviour changes under various conditions
- Primarily environmental
- Modern Example: Learning Theories, Behaviour Modification
Gestalt Tradition: Focus on perception and experience
Look at how people think and remember
Consider everything in context
Can’t study behavior by itself, look at everything
Whole is greater than the sum of its parts
Both biological and environmental
Modern examples: cognition, information processing
Humanistic Tradition: Focus on values and choice
Help people fulfill potential
Both biological and environmental
Very different from psychodynamic perspective which says people have
unresolved conflict, humanists believe humans are good
Modern examples: Carl Rogers’ therapy, the “self”
** be able to contrast the different schools of psych, be able to understand
distinct traditions
What Do Psychologists do?
43% majority are clinical psychologists, either treat clients or research
11% counseling, tend to deal with “normal” behaviors, not diagnosable
4% developmental -> aging, child development, brain development
5% educational, try to find best ways to teach
8% experimental, branched off from clinical
7% Industrial/Organizational (I/O), deals with workplace
2% personality, identify stable personality traits
7% school, guidance counselors in school
4% social, deal with everyday things
9% others