Psychology 2011A/B Lecture Notes - Dream 6, Kenneth Ring, Past Life Regression

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2011A/B
Professor
Chapter #9 Death
o 1982 Gallup poll= 67% of general population believed in life after death
o 32% for doctors
o 16% for scientists
o Moore and Baruss= 26% of 1986 sample of 334 academics and professionals
o 27% of 1996 sample of 212 consciousness researchers agreed that
personal consciousness continues after physical death
o authentic science= mater of examining relevant evidence
Out-of Body Experiences
Characteristics
o Out-of-body experience (OBE)= experience in which person has a
somaesthetic sense of being located outside of her physical body even though
sometimes she may otherwise feel she were in her ordinary state of
consciousness
o Prevalence= 10% in general population
o 25% college students
o 42% schizophrenics
o 44% marijuana users
o 48% parapsychology groups
o 88% fantasy-prone individuals
o moore and Baruss= 23%-1986 survey, 31% -1996
o example of OBE from student= awoke one night but wasn’t in her room was
watching over her sleeping boyfriend in his apartment. Could see every
detail, clothes, dog and awoke and called him. The details were right
o survival hypothesis= a disembodied consciousness or some such discarnate
element of human personality might survive bodily death at least for a time
Perceptions During Out-of-Body Experiences
o Robert Monroe= had numerous OBEs thought it was a way to explore
nonphysical aspect of the universe and encountered wise beings
o Validity= confined to OBEs taking place in environments corresponding to
physical world
o 19% of experiencers made observations that were verified
o experiment to see if veridical perceptions occur during OBEs= participant
induce an OBE and identify targets set out by experimenter
o Tart= conducted a study with a women who claimed to have OBEs since
childhood, suggested she take 10 slips of paper that are numbered randomly.
Each night before she goes to bed she is randomly to pick a paper but not to
look at it. She successfully got it 7/7 times
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o had her 4 nights in the sleep lab, tart would then select 5 digit number
put it in an opaque folder, number facing upwards so only someone
rlly high off the ground could see it
o she got it right the 4th night only
o best case of positive results that exist
o another study by Tart= hypnotized participants upper 10% on
susceptibility scale
o given suggestion that they would have OBE during which they will go
across the hall and view targets on a table
o all of the reported OBE that seemed real but not targets identified
o all out of body experiences are different
A Cognitive Theory of Out-of-Body Experiences
o Susan Blackmore’s theory= we are always creating a cognitive model of the
world with ourselves using sensory information from the surrounding
environment
o Sometimes our images of the world and of ourselves break down,
without memory and imagination to supply us with an image of a
body and world, we may start imagining a birds eye view
o Look at the characteristics consistent with those who have OBEs
o People who dream in birds eye view or see themselves are more likely
o Dream variables- vivid dreams, lucid dreams, flying dreams
o Best predictors= absorption in imaginal activity, fantasy-proneness,
high hypnotizability, and dissociative tendencies
o A.K.A ppl with the most flexible models of the world
Near-Death Experiences
o Near-death experience (NDE)= experience person reports around the time
they were close to death
o 9%-18%= had NDE
Characteristics of Near Death Experiences
o Raymond Moody= wrote book “Life After Life”, best known identification of
NDE
o After period of intense pain, person feels peace and painlessness
o May have out of body experience
o May be propelled into darkness by entering a tunnel, door, or
ascending a stair case to fine that it’s a passageway toward an intense
light that doesn’t hurt your eyes
o May meet friends and relatives who have died,as well as a religious
being
o Life review in which the events of her life are replayed from third
person to feel how she has affected others
o Then back in the body
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o As a consequence of life review they will value love and knowledge the most
because they survive death
o Pursue knowledge that contributes to wholeness of person
o Many who have had them have a dramatically reduced fear of death
o May occur without belief in afterlife
o 48% of 350 experiencers are convinced of survival of life after death
o death= not a fixed state but a biological process
o a person could be no longer breathing or heartbeating but their brain
could still work
o have been surgical procedures in which brain activity has been
measured like the following
An Example of a Near-Death Experience
o Michael Sabom studied case of Pam Reynolds
o Underwent surgery= hypothermic cardiac arrest to take out an aneurysm in
her brain
o After anaesthetized, her eyes taped shut, small, molded speakers were placed
in her ears, EEG electrodes were attached to her head to record activity
o Exposed her to 100 decible clicks auditory evoked potentials on EEG, to
measure sensory stimulation
o Cut her head open, machine drained all her blood to circulate and cool it
o Heart stopped, brain waves flattened, body temp lower than 60F, no
response to auditory clicks
o Bypass machine was switched off so that all the blood drained from Pam’s
body, aneurysm taken out, processe reversed
o Machine turned on, blood warmed, heart restarted, EEG waves
o She remembers operating room, loss of time, then heard noise pulling her out
the top of her head,
o She could see the operating room, her body, and could describe in detail the
bone saw used and its case
o She could see brighter and more focused and clearer than normal
o She heard a conversation about her veins and arteries being small, which was
true
o Then pulled through a tunnel vortex, while there she heard her grandmother
calling her and continued
o At the end of tunnel was bright light that kept getting brighter
o There were figures that turned into people that were dead relatives of hers
o Whilst with relatives they explained she couldn’t go further otherwise she
couldn’t go back, they fed her with something sparkly that made her feel
strong
o Her uncle walked her back through thr vortex to her mess of a body, her
uncle urged that it was like jumping into a pool and pushed her
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Document Summary

Could see every detail, clothes, dog and awoke and called him. The details were right: survival hypothesis= a disembodied consciousness or some such discarnate element of human personality might survive bodily death at least for a time. Each night before she goes to bed she is randomly to pick a paper but not to look at it. Near-death experiences: near-death experience (nde)= experience person reports around the time they were close to death, 9%-18%= had nde. Characteristics of near death experiences: raymond moody= wrote book life after life , best known identification of. It takes o2 and time to consolidate memories: we would expect more problems with that, buildup of co2 unlikely because associated with lack of o2 and possibly violent convulsive muscle movements that have never been reported with. Grand mal seizures accompanied by high level release of endorphins. Distressing near-death experiences: bruce greyson- analyzed 50 accounts of distressing near-death experiences into 3 types, 1) prototypical nde= terrifying, ex.

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