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Psychology 2015A/B

Lecture 1 A Children with speech and language differencesIntroductionIntroductionstrdrdTwice as much language growth occurs between the 1 and 3 years of life than between the 3 thand 4Communicative competence developed with speech and language knowing how to interact and communicate in various situations and how to interpret what others say and doCommunicationFig 1 Different varieties of communicationSPEECH AND LANGUAGEOverviewCommunication process of exchanging information and ideas between participantsLanguage a system of symbols organized into conventional patterns to communicate meaning language development is structural and hierarchicalSpeech mechanical production of languageVoice vocalization or sound not always produced as speechThree points characterizing speech and language developmentoThere are distinct stagesoA lot of creativity involved in learning to formulate sentencesoAll children acquiring language do so in the same orderLanguageSyntax the rules that govern the grammar of language formalizes language so that communication is consistent throughout a societyoHow words are combined to form sentencesGrammar refers to the rules and the word choicesSemantics concerned with the meaning of words words are comprehended before they are spoken and the number of words understood increases throughout ones life
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