Psychology 2020A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Timothy Leary, Albert Hofmann, Hallucinogen

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In some cases, users of hallucinogens feel that they have been transported to a new reality. Other classes of drugs may produce hallucinations at high dose levels, but hallucinogens. (allucinogens are, by definition, drugs that produce distortions of perception and of one"s sense. These drugs have also been called psychedelic (cid:523)(cid:498)mind-expanding(cid:499)(cid:524) drugs. Hallucinogens related to norephinephren e. g. produce these effects at low or moderate dose levels. Hallucinogens can be classified in four basic groups: The first three relate to the chemical similarity between the particular drug and one of three major neurotransmitters: serotonin, norepinephrine, or acetylcholine. The fourth, miscellaneous group includes synthetic hallucinogens, such as phencyclidine (pcp) and ketamine, which bear little resemblance to any known neurotransmitter. Albert hofmann synthesized lsd in 1943, experiments were conducted by the cia in the 1950s and 1960s, and timothy leary led the psychedelic movement that popularized lsd use in the.

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