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Week 11- Chapter 11- Personality Disorders.docx

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Psychology 2030A/B
David Vollick

Chapter 11: Personality Disorders Personality Trait vs. Personality Disorder -Three Ps patterns of behaviour -Persistent (over time) -Pervasive (over people and situations) -Pathological (clearly abnormal) -Evaluate the patient more than once Personality Disorder Clusters:A -Odd, quirky, or eccentric According to the DSM-5… -in textbook (Paranoid Personality Disorder) Schizotypal Personality Disorder -This PD does not have delusions of grandeur as does schizophrenia According to the DSM-5… -in textbook (Schizoid Personality Disorder) -in textbook (Schizotypal Personality Disorder) Personality Disorder Clusters: B -Behaviours are exaggerated, inflated, dramatic, emotional, or erratic According to the DSM-5… -in textbook (Antisocial Personality Disorder) -has to be at least 18 -have to be diagnose with conduct disorder before age 15 Fact or Fiction? -in textbook -Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) -no emotions -view people with emotions as weak -with concern then they will be capacitated -I do whatever I want -These people can be very dangerious -Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) -good at reading people -where your “buttons” are -their manipulative -fatal attraction -Easy to diagnosed ASPD (ex. children picking on animals, cruel and bully people smaller than them) -in textbook (Narcissistic Personality Disorder) -Love how people say how beautiful they are -They like being unique, special -No sense of empathy or caring -Only about themselves -Arrogant -Criticize them, they fly at you -in textbook (Borderline Personality Disorder) -Pull you in and then push you away -Love to manipulate people -Impulsive -They take a razor blade and cut -Destructive to self and people -Suicidal behaviour -Make you feel sorry for them -Inappropriate irritability or expression of anger -Play on emotions Ethics and Responsibility: BPD -They can be difficult, treatment resistant, manipulative, demanding, and attention seeking -Negative perceptions of patients by therapist can lead to negative expectations and outcomes, and self-fulfilling prophecies which can lead to misdiagnosis -Clinicians should only give diagnosis when symptoms are consistent with criteria According to the DSM-5… -in textbook (Histrionic Personality Disorder) -use physical appearance -getting attention -superficial -flirtations -showing inappropriate sexually seductive and extreme emotionality Personality Disorder Clusters: C -Considerable anxiety or withdrawal -Social anxiety, obsessionality, or fear of independence According to the DSM-5… -in textbook (Avoidant Personality Disorder) -avoid interactions unless liked -fear of rejection and humiliated -fear of being negatively evaluated -fear of criticism SocialAnxiety Disorder vs.Avoidant Personality Disorder -Much overlap in diagnosis criteria. Only one criterion “is reluctant to take personal risks or engage in new activities” differentiates. -not afraid to take risks -People with avoidant personality disorder have more severe symptoms and more functional impairment -Actually few clear distinctions exist, mainly the clinical severity According to the DSM-5… -in textbook (Depe
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