Sexual responsiveness in infants: capacity for sexual arousal is present at birth (before, responses are reflexive . Result from physical stimulation (crying, eating, full- bladder) & psychological stimulation (watching exciting things, fires, wild animals: responses are indiscriminate (caused by a wide variety of things) Takes the form of play : autoerotic play (emerges 6-12 months) Its natural (most kids do it because they re curious), so don t over-react. Response is likely to be the first step in child s sexual socialization. Sexual socialization of children: cross-cultural studies: in some cultures, children are: Encouraged to imitate sexual intercourse when playing with friends. Taught how to masturbate and perform oral sex. Why = if they don t have these early experiences they wont become fertile and be capable of producing their own children. **children in all cultures must learn appropriate sexual behaviour.