Class Notes (834,885)
Canada (508,790)
Psychology (6,247)
Lecture 4

Lecture Four on Interpersonal Attraction & Love

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTION & LOVE October 7, 2013 Interpersonal Attraction Part One: Specific Factors (text pages 274-280) A. In Initial Encounters: • Proximity • Familiarity • Physical Attractiveness B. When Getting Acquainted: • Reciprocal Liking • Similarity Part Two: General Theories of Attraction I. The Reinforcement-Affect Model A. Rewards lead to positive affect (feelings); Punishments lead to negative affect. B. We’ll like people who reward us and dislike people who punish us. But, that’s not all: C. We’ll like/dislike people even when they don’t cause our positive/negative feelings. • They simply have to be present when we experience positive or negative affect! o (E.g., hot rooms; bad news; unpleasant music) II. Social Exchange Theories (relationships) • A relationship exists whenever people interact on a regular basis A. Satisfaction with a relationship depends on: 1. Rewards (what a person “receives”) 2. Costs (what person “contributes”) B. Rewards and Costs can be expressed in terms of a ratio: 1. R/C C. When rewards equal or exceed costs, we will be satisfied with the relationship D. When costs exceed rewards, we will be dissatisfied. (1)Equity Theory a. Considers rewards and costs of both people in the relationship. b. “Equity” exists when one person’s ratio of rewards to costs equals the other person’s ratio of rewards to costs ( satisfying) You Your Partner R/C 10/10 = 10/10 R/C 1/1 = 1/1 R/C 10/10 = 1/1 ***The important thing is that the ratio is the same, not necessarily the numbers c. “Inequality” exists when one person’s ratio (of rewards to costs) does not equal the other person’s ratio. You Your Partner R/C 2/8 # 8/2 • You are “under-benefited” • Your partner is “over-benefited” d. Inequity makes the relationship unpleasant: • Under-benefited person feels “angry • Over-benefited person feels “guilty” e. So, people will attempt to restore equity. • How?  Attempt to alter the actual rewards/costs  Psychologically alter the perceived rewards/costs f. What if equity can’t be restored? • Leave the relationship (Equity Theory predicts this) (2)Interdependency Theory a. Satisfaction depends not only on our current ratio of rewards to costs but also on the R/C ratio that we expect to receive. b. Expectations can be based on: • Our own experiences in prior relationships • What we know about others’ relationships •  The “Comparison Level” [CL]  What are they used to getting in relationships? What do they expect to put into the relationships? What’s rea
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 2035A/B

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.