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Sept 23 - The Self.docx

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Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

September 23 , 2013 The Self Part 1: The Self Concept Who are you? 1. Large set of attributes that are linked together  Personal dispositions (helpful, kind)  Physical characteristics  Preferences (likes/dislikes), and values  All the beliefs that we have about the self 2. Many different selves (roles) – depending on who with  If one self isn’t ideal (bad teacher) make up for it by being a good husband, etc. 3. Some attributes associated with one self  Can be objective as a teacher but not as family man 4. Some attributes more basic and enduring across situations/roles 5. Potential selves (ought self and ideal self)  Ought self – single man but ought to be married  Ideal self – ideally like to be an effective leader (Page 178-79) Part 2: The Origins of the Self Concept Where does the self-concept come from? - Social Comparison processes (p. 180) - Feedback from others (p.182) - The Social Context (p. 182) - Cultural Values (p. 184) - Our Behaviour: We are what we do – our behaviour determines our preferences, not the other way around  Self Perception Theory (Bem) o Basic Idea: “when internal cues are weak or ambiguous, we come to know who we are by observing our behaviour and the circumstances in which the behaviour occurs”  Ex. Went to McDonalds and got Big Mac. Forced to eat Big Mac, paid to eat Big Mac, only option on menu Big Mac? No. Conclusion: likes Big Macs.  Only when we’re not sure who we are o The effects of rewards on self-perceptions  Sometimes rewards can undermine our interest in performing a behaviour  The Overjustification Effect: when people are given external rewards (or external “justifications”) for engaging in intrinsically interesting activities, their intrinsic interest will be undermined September 23 , 2013  An exception to the overjustification effect: doesn’t occur when rewards are viewed as a sign of competence (e.g., when rewards indicate superior performance - a job well-done) Part 3: Becoming Aware of the Self Self Awareness Theory  Factors that increase self awareness: o Mirrors o Audiences o Cameras o Watching/hearing ourselves on videotape o Walking into a room full of strangers o Being in a brightly lit room  Self awareness leads to self evaluation o Become aware of internal self standards (e.g. the “ideal”
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