Psychology 2035A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: American Psychological Association, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

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Class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety: generalized anxiety disorder. Marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat: phobic disorder. Marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object of situation that presents no realistic danger: panic disorder. Characterized by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occurs suddenly and unexpectedly: agoraphobia. The fear of going out to public places. May result in severe panic disorder, in which people hide in their homes out of fear of the outside world. In dsm-5, it is listed as a separate disorder: obsessive-compulsive disorder (ocd) Marked by persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and urges to engage in senseless rituals (compulsions) Common obsessions include fear of contamination, harming others, suicide, or sexual acts. Compulsions are highly ritualistic acts that temporarily reduce anxiety brought on by obsessions. True ocd disorders only occur in around 2-3% of the population.

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