Modern technology has provided us with an abundance of time-saving devices: yet, we complain about not having enough time. The range of life choices available to people is greater than ever: yet, this has unexpected costs, too many choices leads to choice overload and struggles with decisions. Modern technology provides us with economic abundance and possession overload. : yet, most people do not feel very good about their financial well-being. In conclusion, despite progress, we are not necessarily healthier or happier. The greatest challenge of modern life may be our search for meaning or a sense of direction. In desperation, people turn to many ineffective and/or self-destructive sources for enlightenment (e. g. , radio personalities, self-realization programs). One of the most prominent sources is self-help books. The value of self-help books: excellent self-help books do exist. However, many are not effective: their message is too vague to be useful, as they are dominated by.