Psychology 2035A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Personal Unconscious, Trait Theory, Extraversion And Introversion

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Personality is an individual"s unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits. A personality trait is a durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations. Common personality traits include: honest, moody, impulsive, friendly. Robert mccrae and paul costa (2003, 2008) state that there are five higher-order traits that are known as the big five: extraversion, neuroticism, openness to experience, agreeableness, conscientiousness. However, this is but one of many perspectives on human personality. Trait models attempt to break down personality into its basic dimensions. Costa (1987, 1997, 2003) maintain that personality can be described adequately with the five higher-order traits identified here, widely known as the big five traits. Psychodynamic theories include a variety of theoretical models derived from the work of sigmund freud. All focus on unconscious mental forces that shape our personalities. Well-known psychodynamic theorists: freud, jung, adler. Freud"s psychoanalytic theory of personality is somewhat controversial.

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