Psychology 2035A/B Lecture Notes - Unconscious Mind, Psychosexual Development, Anal Stage

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Published on 22 Nov 2011
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LECTURE 2 – THEORIES OF PERSONALITY
September 13, 2010
Psychodynamic and Trait
People have different personalities
Personality: individual differences that are stable over time and consistent across
situations
Origin of Personality: (see textbook)
Psychodynamic
oOldest perspective by Feud
oHysteria : unusual symptoms that has no physical basis (glove anesthesia)
ocannot feel the hand, like a glove being putted on; but not physiologically
possible
oassociated with early sexual abuses; but w/ inconsistent memories =
fantasies
osymptoms vanished when the experiences are talked about; talking was
the cure
Q: Why is talking effective?
oTopology of the mind
oconscious mind: everything we are aware of at given moment
omotivated or unconscious mind: wishes, desires, impulses that are
beyond conscious awareness
omotivated mind: materials kept because they are threatening or
upsetting (unacceptable content)
probing the unconscious, he could make the unconscious
conscious and cure his patients
Case study probing unconscious: Obsessive thought (conscious)
oobsessive thought X (conscious) linked by unconscious thoughts
owhen unconscious thoughts were brought to conscious, obsession
disappeared
o3 structures of mind: (p36)
1. ID (chaos; cauldron of excitations)
entirely unconscious
reflects instinctive needs (hunger, sex)
linked to basic instinct or Eros—unconscious instinct to survive and
reproduce
Eros produces psychic energy or Libido that must be released
operates according to pleasure principle: wants immediate
gratification of needs; irrational, no contact with reality
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LECTURE 2 – THEORIES OF PERSONALITY
September 13, 2010
Engages in primary process thinking: no distinction between
fantasies and reality; can use fantasies to satisfies needs
Only structure humans are born with
2. EGO
developed after birth; extension of ID
conscious and unconscious
operates according to reality principle: try to satisfy ID but
sensitive to demands of the real world; willing to delay gratification
of ID needs
engages in secondary process thinking; develops plans to satisfy
needs
2. SUPEREGO
moral component of person; embodies ideas of right and wrong
influenced by sociality
conscious and unconscious (EGO); irrational (ID, developed when
young—does and don'ts; guilt feeling = associated with don’ts)
3 structures interact with each other, negotiating how libidinal
energy will be used
EGO has toughest job: controls ID, and satisfies Superego
How EGO stays in control:
oanxiety signals loss of control; must do something to stay in
control
oneurotic anxiety: threats from ID to take control
omoral anxiety: threats from superego to take control
oreality anxiety: threats from the real world; upcoming
exams
othere is a reduction in anxiety when EGO regains control
ego relies on defense mechanisms to stay in control and reduce
anxiety (p38-39)
Personality Development (p39-41)
how libidinal energy is expressed and focused; psychosexual
development
controversial: kids have sexual fantasies, and it occurs for all
children
but for Freud, sex = needs and desires related to physical pleasure
(sucking, fondling genitals, sexual intercourse, relationships)
sexual function must pass through long complicated process of
development before it becomes what we are familiar with—sexual
behaviour of adults
5 stages of psychosexual development and focus of libidinal energy
1. Oral stage (0-1y): mouth; sucking, biting
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Document Summary

Personality: situations individual differences that are stable over time and consistent across. Psychodynamic: oldest perspective by feud, hysteria possible. Probing the unconscious, he could make the unconscious conscious and cure his patients. Eros produces psychic energy or libido that must be released operates according to pleasure principle: wants immediate gratification of needs; irrational, no contact with reality. Engages in primary process thinking: no distinction between fantasies and reality; can use fantasies to satisfies needs. Moral component of person; embodies ideas of right and wrong influenced by sociality conscious and unconscious (ego); irrational (id, developed when young does and don"ts; guilt feeling = associated with don"ts) 3 structures interact with each other, negotiating how libidinal energy will be used. Ego has toughest job: controls id, and satisfies superego. 5 stages of psychosexual development and focus of libidinal energy: oral stage (0-1y): mouth; sucking, biting. No; narrowed down using factor: how many traits are there.

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