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Cognitive, Moral and Psychosocial Development

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Western University
Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

Cognitive MoralPsychosocial Development November 14 2011 Part 1 Cognitive DevelopmentPiagets Theory y He was never trained as a psychologisthe was trained as a biologistwas a productive biologistHe had published over 20 scientific papers by age of 21 about mulloscs y To get money tookapart time job Vinet institude in ParisThey were developing a new iq testPart of his job involved administering diff types of reasoning tests to children of diff agesThen became interested in cognitive developemtnHe became intrigued by types of mistakes they made on these testsHe realized that these mistakes were actually telling him something imp of how cognitive abilities developed y Became so intrigued that he spent the next 60 years of his life interacting with children watching them play listening to their stories why things work the way they doDuring observations he developed general theory of cognitive devleopemtn Four stages of Development 1 Sensorimotor Stage age 02 years a Infants cannot represent objects in thought can only respond to what they see hear touchexperience with their senses b Lack an understanding of object permanence objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen 2 Preoperational Stage age 27 a Use language representational thought i Learn words represent thingsNow hold those things in their minds b Understanding of concepts is weak abstract ideas about what a group of objects has in common i Rely on one property to define concepts ii Engage in animistic thinking if an object moves it must be alive c Thinking tends to be egocentric perceive world in terms of their own perspectivei Assume other people see world as they do leave out important background info d Lack firm grasp of cause effect relations eg will a bike work if you remove the chaini Also assume that effect is the cause Eg 1 Why does the sun go downbc I go to sleep 2 Why did Timmy fall of his bike Bc he broke his arm a Causeeffect mixed up e Dont understand certain logical rules or logical operations i Eg Conservation Properties of objects are conserved even if you change the shape of object 1
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