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Cognitive, Moral and Psychosocial Development

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Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

Cognitive MoralPsychosocial Development11142011 60100 PM Part 1 Cognitive Development Piagets Theory Piaget was a biologist under Binet Institution not trained psychologist y Developed a general theory of cognitive development based on mistakes that children madeFour Stages of cognitive development 1 Sensorimotor stage age 02 years y Infants cant represent objects in thoughtcan only respond to what they see hear touchexperience with their senses y Lack an understanding of object permanence objects continue to exist even when they cant be seen2 Preoperational stage age 27 years y Use language representational thought words represent things y Understanding of concepts is weak abstract ideas about what a group of objects has in common o Rely on one property to define concepts if A and B share a property they are equal o Engage in animistic thinking if an object moves it must be alive y Thinking tends to be egocentric perceive world in terms of their own perspective o Assume other people see world as they do leave out important background info y Lack firm grasp of causeeffect relations eg will a bike work if you remove the chain o Some children assume that effect is cause eg Why does the sun go down Because I go to sleep Why did Timmy fall off his bike Because he broke his arm y Dont understand logical operations o Eg conservation of liquid numbers clay properties of objects are conserved even if you change the shape of the object dont understand that if 235 then 325
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