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Lecture

Person Perception – Attributions and Errors

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
Psychology 2035A/B
Professor
Doug Hazlewood

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Description
PERSON PERCEPTIONATTRIBUTIONS AND ERRORS To know ones self is wisdom But to know ones neighbor is geniusM Antrim Knowing the cause of an action leads to a different interpretation of the actionPART 1 ATTRIBUTION THEORY PERCEIVING THE CAUSES OF BEHAVIOUR A FRITZ HEIDER 1944 Perceiving stability in an unstable world 1 Heiders insights a We perceive stability by making attributions i Person attributions y Aka dispositional internal attributions y Reflect stable properties of people ii Environment attributions y Aka situational external attributions y Reflects stable nature of environments b We have a need to perceive stability y Gives us a sense of understanding prediction and control ie a block of wood will not roll2 Person attributions depends on perceived intentionsa Equifinality exists when persons behaviour is directed toward a single goal despite changes in the circumstances i Conclude that person intended the behaviour sets the stage for person attributionscause of behaviour stems from within the person B CORRESPONDENT INFERENCE THEORY JONESDAVIS FROM ACTS TO DISPOSITIONSHow do we make dispositional attributions correspondence inference from behaviour observation1TWOSTEP PROCESS NOT SAME AS P216Step 1 Was the behaviour intendedo Was the behaviour freely chosen o Could person foresee consequences of behaviour If No behaviour is perceived as unintended cant infer anything about persons dispositions If Yes behaviour is perceived as intended proceed to Step 2
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