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Psychology Notes

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Psychology 2036A/B
Yves Bureau

Psychology NotesMar 27 The nature of physical activity Sport psychology is the study of the influence of psychological factors on sport mind to body relationship Exercise psychology is the study of the influence of sport and exercise on psychological behaviour body to mind relationship Physical activity is body movements and it can be intentional exercise or not if activity is part of your job you are not doing it to improve your fitness Physical activity can vary in type frequency intensity and duration Type is the physiological systems that are used in a particular activity frequency is how much the activity is performed over a time period intensity is the load imposed on physiological systems by an activity and duration is the temporal length of a particular activity Physical fitness is physiological functioning and attributes we have to influence it Different forms of physical fitness are cardiorespiratory endurance muscular endurance and strength and body composition and flexibility Definitions of sport are usually too inclusive Sport should include power competition and skills Physical activity and the five components of health The healthillness continuum has four pointsdeath illness health and perfect health Each point on the continuum is made up of five components of healthmental physical emotional social and spiritual Wellness is achieved through balance among the five components Levels of physical activity Active leisure activities such as hobbies and exercise and passive leisure listening to music and daydreaming are linked to positive outcomes and general wellness It is recommended that people exercise at least 30 minutes a day There has been an increase in the number of Canadians who are moderately active 52 of the population is moderately active Five forms of physical activity Three types are based on resistance 1 Isometriccontract muscle without moving the body improves muscle strength 2 Isotonicweightlifting improves muscle strength and endurance 3 Isokinetictension on a m
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