Psychology 2040A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Rag Doll, Autonomic Nervous System, Naturalistic Observation

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As researchers, we have to have a way of systematically discovering things that is the job of research methods. Always start with a theory, then make a prediction hypothesis: pick participants and measures. Conduct your own research or serve as a bridge from research to practice. Understand real research from unreal research testimonials do not prove anything, so they should not be used to alter how one does their job. Hypothesis = prediction drawn from theory research question = when little or no theory exists, the question offers vital guidance to settle on research methods and designs. How do we gather info on children: systematic observation (naturalistic and structured, naturalistic observation: record the behaviour of interest in the field or natural environment (i. e. daycare, park, school, home) Limitations: may not yield typical behaviours, observer influence and bias: ex. One study examined 2 year old"s e(cid:373)otio(cid:374)al (cid:396)ea(cid:272)tio(cid:374) to ha(cid:396)(cid:373) that they thought they had caused.

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