Psychology 2040A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Noam Chomsky, World Language, Human Accomplishment

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Phonology: rules governing the structure and sequence of speech sounds i. e. i(cid:374) e(cid:374)glish (cid:449)e (cid:272)a(cid:374) put togethe(cid:396) a a(cid:374)d (cid:374), (cid:271)ut (cid:449)e (cid:272)a(cid:374)(cid:859)t put togethe(cid:396) l, k a(cid:374)d (cid:454: phone - talk. Universal grammar a built-in storehouse of rules common to all human languages. Housed within the lad: a bit far fetched and still highly contested today. Evidence relevant to nativism: humans around the world develop language at the same approximate ages (pg. 360: people can invent language (i. e. sign language, page 362, a(cid:374)i(cid:373)als do(cid:374)(cid:859)t lea(cid:396)(cid:374) g(cid:396)a(cid:373)(cid:373)a(cid:396, there are dedicated language areas of the brain, there are sensitive periods in development. Left temporal lobe is where damage was: makes sense of the sounds you hear and interprets as language, brain lateralization. Language is disrupted after lesion to left side of brain. Language largely associated with left hemisphere: 90% in right handed people, 70% in left handed people.

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