Class Notes (839,092)
Canada (511,185)
Psychology (6,277)
Lecture

Psych 2040-Chapter 5: Birth and the Newborn's Readiness for Life.docx

4 Pages
108 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
Psychology 2040A/B
Professor
Michael G Mac Donald

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
Childbirth  three stage process: 1. first stage of labor  begins when contractions spaced 10-15 min apart  ends when cervix is fully dilated 2. second stage of labor (delivery)  begins when fetus’ head passes through cervix  ends when baby has emerged 3. third stage of labor (afterbirth)  placenta expelled Assessing the Newborn  Apgar test  5 characteristics rated 0-2  heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, color, reflex irritability  scores taken at 1-5 min after birth  ≥ 7 = good, ≤ 4 = medical intervention  Neonatal Behavioural Assessment Scale  more subtle than Apgar  administered few days after birth  measures reflexes, responsiveness to stimuli, and neurological integrity: signs that should be there at one point but go away over time  can lead to early intervention Childbirth Issues  use of medication  natural and prepared childbirth: physical and psychological preparations for birth are stressed and medical assistance minimized o more positive attitudes toward birth  home births o result in lower stress  childbirth across cultures Social Environment Surrounding Birth  mother’s experience o emotional bonding: strong affectionate ties between parent and infant  early process of wakefulness, feeding, being warm  attachment is more when you can imagine something in its absence; takes place around 6-7 months— only then can you imagine something when it’s not there o postpartum depression: feelings of sadness, resentment and despair lingering up to months after childbirth  father’s experience  engrossment: paternal emotional bonding Birth Complications  anoxia: oxygen deprivation, often due to strangling by umbilical cord, or mucus lodged in throat o high risk with breech position: fetus emerging feet first o RH factor: blood protein that can cause mother to produce antibodies  transmitted by RH positive fetuses  attack red blood cells of fetuses with the protein in blood o prolonged anoxia more neurologically damaging than mild anoxia: implications on behavioural function  low birth weight (< 2500g) o preterm: born 3+ weeks before due date; appropriate weight for time in womb o small for date: born close to due date but grew slowly; higher risk than preterm o causes:  smoking, drinking, drug use
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit