Psychology 2040A/B Lecture Notes - American Babies, Wicket-Keeper, Social Emotions

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Present at birth: interest, distress, disgust, and contentment. Emerge between 2-7 months: anger, sadness, joy, surprise, fear. Complex or secondary emotions: self-conscious or self-evaluative, depend on part in cognitive development. Shame, guilt, envy, pride: requires self-recognition and understanding of rules for evaluating self-conduct. How parents react to transgressions may determine which emotion children feel felt in absence of others after fully internalizing rules (well into elementary school) Emotional display rules: culturally defined rules specifying which emotions should be expressed or suppressed at what times. North american babies = intense emotion okay if positive. Central african babies = restrain positive and negative emotions. Emotional regulation: strategies for managing emotions or adjusting emotional arousal to an appropriate level of intensity. Harder for 6 month old boys to regulate unpleasant emotions. Develop methods of expressing fear to attract attention. Some ability to disguise emotions around age 3. Girls more motivated and skilled at complying with display rules.

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