Psychology 2040A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Phallic Stage, Genital Stage, Latency Stage

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Behavioural and social cognitive theories pavlov, skinner, bandura: behaviourism: theory that holds that we can study scientifically only what can be directly observed and measured; founded by the works of ivan pavlov and john b. Watson: behavioural and social cognitive theories emphasize the idea of continuity in development and argue that development does not occurs in stages. Behavioural and social cognitive theories pavlov, skinner, bandura (cont: classical conditioning (pavlov): learning through association of stimuli. Ecological theory: ecological theory (bronfenbrenner): emphasizes environmental factors and holds that development reflects the influence of 5 environmental systems; microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem. Sources of genetic variability: combining the genes of two parents in their offspring increases genetic variability in the population. Chromosomal abnormalities: abnormalities characterize the genetic process; some involve errors in chromosome separation during meiosis, while others are produced by harmful genes.

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