Psychology 2040A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Gender Role, Attribution Bias, Longitudinal Study

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I: peers: peers: companions that are approximately same age and developmental level, form groups (e. g. , cliques, crowds, socialization research (cid:224) focus on parents, in particular, mothers and their offspring, assumptions: passive child, unidirectional effects, parent characteristics (cid:224) child characteristics, peer research (cid:224) a different approach. Assumptions: active child, bidirectional effects: child characteristics (cid:223) (cid:224) peer group, seek out company of certain group of peers, dynamic of peer group is modified once child is part of group, larger dynamic can feedback and have influences on children that comprise group (e. g. , peer pressure) Learn rules and limits: among older children (zarbatany et al. , 90), conversing, hanging out, phone, games. Iii: peer socialization: modelling, occurs frequently in preschoolers (abramovitch & grusec, 1978, positive, negative & gender role behaviour, more likely if model perceived as similar; thus peers are a powerful modelling influence, reinforcement.

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