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Lecture

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2042A/B
Professor
Jeff St.Pierre
Semester
Winter

Description
- Advance organizers – shows that reading before lets you remember and learn better - CPRI = tertiary center; not a front line service - Scientific method – goal is to avoid unsubstantiated inferences based on uncontrolled observations - Meta-analysis – summary of all research What can happen if you make decisions (to give clinical advice, to fund treatment centers) without the use of carefully controlled, objective, replicated research findings? VIDEO: autistic people were able to type when their wrists were stabilized and were able to type out their thoughts - Told the facilitator and the autistic child different words and see which word gets typed - Always typed the words that the facilitator saw - Science research studies falsified the research study o Hence the reason why this course stays with the science CPRI Programs - Regional Tertiary Care Centre for children, youth, and their families - Inpatient and outpatient Mental Health and Developmental Services - Inpatient and outpatients Introduction - Research studies in abnormal child psychology o Define normal and abnormal behaviours for children of different ages, sexes, and ethnic and cultural backgrounds  Varies because everyone is biased but will be using statistics o Identify the cases and correlates of abnormal behavior o Make predictions amount long-term outcomes o Develop and evaluate methods for treatment and/or treatment - Features that distinguish child and adolescent disorders o When adults seek services for children, it is not often clear whose “problem” it is  Divorced couples that may have different views on their child; who is the client? And in whose eyes is it seen as “abnormal” o Many child and adolescent problem involve a failure to show expected developmental progress  Promoting skill development rather than seeing what's normal/abnormal o Many problem behaviours shown by children and youths are not entirely abnormal o Interventions for children and adolescents are often intended to promote further development, rather than merely to restore a previous level of functioning Historical Views and Breakthroughs - Ancient Greek/Roman view o The disabled were and economic burden and social embarrassment to be scorned, abandoned, or put to death o Almost like putting them to work - Before 18 century o Children’s mental health problems were ignored o Children were subjected to harsh treatment due to beliefs that they would die, were possethed, or were parents’ property - By end of 18 century o Interest in abnormal child behaviour surfaced, although strong church influence attributed behaviours to children’s uncivilized and provocative nature - Definition of childhood came from the printing press that allowed literacy o Gave adults something to read that gave them power o Found the importance of reading and hence makes the necessity of school o Teenage years = time when you have the physical strength to do work but are not required to The Emergence of Social Conscience - John Locke (17 century) – believed children should be raised with thought and care not indifference and harsh treatment - Jean-Marc Itard - Etc. - ***Ultimate thinking: basic protection that the vulnerable deserve came from the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child Early Biological Attributes - Not thinking of it as possession by devil but rather as an illness - Seeing it more as a biological condition - Many communities used eugenics (sterilization) and segregation (institutionalization) o Genetics view lead to some consequences - Psychoanalytic theory o Freud linked mental disorders to childhood experiences and explored their development, with a focus on their interaction of developmental and situational processes - Behaviorism o Laid the foundation for empirical study of how abnormal behaviour develops and can be treated through conditioning o Pavlov’s research on classical conditioning o Watson’s studies on elimination of children’s fears and theory of emotions  Little Albert (Box 1.3) Evolution Forms of Treatment Progressive Legislation - IDEA o Free and appropriate public education for children with special needs in the least restrictive environment o Each child must be assessed with culturally appropriate tests o Individualized education program (IEP) for each child - United Nations General Assembly for each child convention to protect the rights of persons with disabilities What is Abnormal Behaviour in children and adolescent? - Childhood disorders are accompanied by various layers of abnormal or development, ranging from the more visible, to the more subtle to the more hidden - Most understand children’s individual strengths and abilities in order to assist the
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