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Lecture 10

Exceptional Children: Developmental Disorders - Lecture 10

20 Pages

Course Code
Psychology 2043A/B
Esther Goldberg

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Psychology 2043AExceptional Children Developmental Disorders thLecture 10Monday December 5 2011 Children with Neurological andor Severe Disabilities 1Neurological impairments o Physical disabilities referring to conditions that affect skeletal muscular or neurological system to some degree o Many people with physical disabilities dont have any cooccurring mental disabilitieso The IDEAPhysical disabilitiesorthopedically impaired y Congenital abnormalityo In this province physical disability people are considered exceptionalLooking at their functional level In our provinces we have differing expectations y No national ones as of yet 3We can have damage that occurso Prenatally st 1 trimester y FASD o PerinatallyLatter part of pregnancy o During pregnancyHypoxiaanoxia o Shortly after birthEncephalitis meningitis o Genetic factorsChromosomes genes etc o listen at 900 o LOW INCIDENCE DISABILITIES More rare y In compared to learning and intellectual disabilities 4Cerebral palsy o CerebralOf the brain o PalsyLack of muscle controlIts a condition that involves disabilities in movement and posture o These result from damage to the brain that occur before during or after birth during early infancyThe nerves connecting the muscles to the brain are normal o Problemlies in the communication between the twoIts a group of disorders o Entire umbrella term refers to disorders that affect body movement and muscle coordinationIts nonprogressive o However the impact on the body can change over time o The damage itself doesnt change over time o Over time you can have different levels of disability associated with the diseaseDevelopment of the brain and the CNSearly in pregnancy o Progresses with the entire process o If you have damage during this growth phaseCerebral palsy y Damage interferes with ability of brain to send msgs to the body and the ability of the brain to receive msgs from the bodyMild CP o Slight awkwardness of movementMight be unnoticeable Severe CP o Almost no muscle controlIssues with movement and speechDepending on the part of the brain affected there will be a range of different effects o Listen on the slideIt comes cooccurring with other issues o Although many people with CP dont have other deficitsCan be associated with developmental delays or learning disabilitiesAnd its not uncommon for people with CP to also have seizuresBut in general the degree of the physical disability isnt an indication of their intelligenceThe limbs affected by CP are typical y They arent paralyzed o They have sensationsCan feel pain heat y The damage to the brain is a onetime event nonprogressive o Most people with cerebral palsy have a typical lifespanEven though the damage is nonprogressive the impact can change over time
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