Psych 2062: Educational Psychology
CHAPTER 5: Learning and Behaviour Processes
The attention getter, James, craves attention of others. He blurts out answers, throws
paperclips, etc. in the teacher’s direction. He gets attention from classmates by teasing
them and poking them. He gets sent to the principal’s office and get’s HIS attention at
least once a week now too.
• Behaviour processes; use behaviourist theories to understand how to help students
acquire more complex, productive, or positive behaviours.
• Why do you think James chooses such inappropriate behaviours (as opposed to
appropriate ones) as a way of getting the attention of others? Can you speculate
• What has James learned? Can you derive a principle of learning from James’s
• What basic assumptions are central to behaviourists’ beliefs about learning?
• How can you explain students’ emotional responses (e.g. test anxiety) to
classroom events using the behaviourist notion of classical conditioning?
• What strategies can you use to encourage desirable behaviours in the classroom?
• What behaviourist principles can assist you in your efforts to reduce inappropriate
• How can you apple behaviourist principles systematically to address especially
difficult classroom behaviours?
CHAPTER 6: Learning and Cognitive Processes
Darren’s day at school—in math class, he had difficulty learning the multiplications of 9
other than the ones he already knows. Teacher taught him a trick and he slowly
understands the pattern. In geography class, teacher describes a picture of Greeces’
Parthenon as constructed of marble. Darren envisions building made of marble, and
wonders how the Greeks glued each marble together… In art class, Carla gives her mask
as very large nose. While Darren watches, he makes a nose for his mask similarly.
• Cognitive processes
• principles of cognition and information processing
• how students learn and remember declarative and procedural knowledge
• formal explicit learning requires effort & focused attention
• What basic assumptions and concepts are central to cognitive psychologists’
beliefs about learning?
• What is the nature of human memory? 2
• What cognitive processes are involved in learning (storing) something new, and
how can teachers best help students use these processes?
• What factors influence students’ a