Psychology 2075 Lecture Notes - Viral Load, Opportunistic Infection, Gay Liberation

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Aids Exceptionalism/Reducing the Risk Jan 9th
Acquired immune deficiency system
In the early 80’s it was understood to be a lethal disease
Hemophiliacs were given factor concentrates?
Progression from HIV infection to immune system compromise
Fear of aids was an independent focus to make people relatively tactical about AIDS
Fischer - Doctors are more dangerous to patients than patients are to doctors lets test all
doctors before we expose them to patients
HIV can occur because blood supply is not screened from blood transfusions, untested factor
concentrate (doesn’t happen anymore because it’s made synthetically)
1984 HIV discovered, within 2 years there were HIV tests
Must engage in some sort of penetrative activity that exposes you to the bloodstream of
another person to be infected
Most of the HIV/AIDS was occurring within the gay communities and then among the drug users
At least a quarter of the heterosexual cases of HIV in Canada is women
Most other places its 1:1 ratio of men and women
Nothing homosexual about the disease, just happened to start in the gay community
o During an era of gay liberation, high rates of partner exchange occurred^
o More partners, more prevalent the pathogen
As the disease becomes latent (5-10 years) viral load is low, symptoms occur, immune
compromised, virus starts to replicate and viral load goes way up until death
o *Graph is important*
o Function of risky behaviour and a function of partners viral load
o Viral load increases the more sick you become
o Viral load = how infectious you are.
High = very infectious
Low = less infections
When you are initially infected you have a high viral load but it increases the
more sick you become
Occupational exposure ex. Police officer and someone bleeds on you during your course of
work. 1 in 300 needle sticks in a hospital setting convey HIV/AIDS
Post exposure profelacus ? given to someone who is potentially exposed to HIV/AIDS
Can prevent infection, not guaranteed
Have you ever had intercourse? ¾ of males and female condoms 64-56% of the time
Penis anus sex with condom: males 54.9% females 33.7%
1981-1996 era of unbelievable fear because there was no medicine that could hault the
progression of AIDS and death
Aids quilt for people who died from AIDS sections in memory of those who died
Could try to control opportunistic infection, but couldn’t control AIDS
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